Are you looking for a type of tree that will make your backyard feel unique? Birch trees are widely known for their unique, peeling bark, which is generally white or pink in color, depending on the variety. Easy to grow and adaptable to an array of soil types, most birch trees are low-maintenance additions to your landscape. Here's a look at three specific varieties you should consider planting:
Also known as the red birch and water birch, this variety of birch tree has peach-pink bark that peels off throughout the year. It thrives in the southern United States, where the frost-free season is longer, though many landscapers have success with it further north as well. The river birch is one of the smaller birch varieties, often maturing to about 50 feet in height.
Though river birch trees usually prefer moist soils on the banks of ponds and streams, they can be grown in drier soils if irrigation is provided when they are young. River birches are incredibly tolerant of acidic soils with a pH as low as 2.
Though native to Europe and Asia, this birch variety has been introduced to North America and grows well in most parts of the United States and Canada. It has thin, white bark that peels off of its trunk and larger branches. The bark of young trees is golden-brown, but turns whiter as the tree ages. Silver birch trees have thin trunks and usually grow to less than 80 feet in height.
Silver birches are a bit more tolerant of drought than other birch types. In fact, many grow naturally in dry soils on the sides of mountains and hills. They need plenty of light to thrive.
Paper Bark Birch
This variety is sometimes known as American white birch or canoe birch. It is native to North America and is generally easy to find in nurseries. The paperbark birch has creamy white bark that peels off in thick sheets. Since many wild animals, including deer and rabbits, often feed on this bark, planting a paperbark birch is a great way to entice these animals to visit your property. This variety of tree develops a pyramid shape as it grows and reaches up to 70 feet in height.
Paper bark birches will adapt to a wide array of soils, but they do require adequate moisture throughout the year. They prefer cooler climates and do not tolerate heat or pollution very well.
The peeling bark of a birch tree makes it a unique conversation piece. Plant one of these stunning birth varieties, and your landscaping will be the talk of the town. Contact a tree service like Jerry's Tree Service for more information.